For a human to survive, blood cells and healthy bone marrow are essential. Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue present inside the central part of bones. Red bone marrow helps in producing blood cells, whereas yellow bone marrow helps in storing fat.
There are stem cells present inside the red bone marrow, which are immature, and they further develop into three different kinds of blood cells, as follows:
● White blood cells, responsible for fighting against any infection.
● Red blood cells, which transfer oxygen to all the body tissues.
● Platelets, which help with a blood clot and stop bleeding.
The cells present inside the yellow bone marrow are called adipocytes, which store fat. This fat acts as an energy source and the human body utilizes it as required.
What Is Bone Marrow Disease?
When the cells inside bone marrow start growing abnormally at an accelerated speed, the bone marrow starts functioning improperly and ineffectively.
People with blood cancers, like lymphoma and leukaemia, and other hazardous diseases, have weak bone marrow and are required to undergo the bone marrow transplant.
The bone marrow transplant cost in India ranges from 1,500,000 to 4,000,000. At Max Healthcare hospital, the Bone Marrow Transplant department is highly skilled and equipped to perform successful surgery at an affordable price.
The causes of bone marrow disease are still uncovered.
But some factors that contribute to weakening the bone marrow are:
- Weak immune system
- Exposure to atomic radiation and noxious chemicals present in the fuel, agricultural products, cleaning products, etc.
- Heredity or genetic disorder
- Smoking and obesity
- Chemotherapy or radiation therapy
- Virus infections, like HIV, hepatitis, etc.
What Is Bone Marrow Transplant?
In a Bone Marrow Transplant, damaged and unhealthy bone marrow is replaced with a healthy one. Before the bone marrow surgery, a patient is exposed to chemotherapy and radiation to kill the abnormal stem cells in the bone marrow.
Damaged bone marrow is replaced in two different ways depending upon the donor – allogeneic and autologous.
In allogeneic bone marrow surgery, the donor and the patient are different. Healthy stem cells of the donor are transplanted into the patient’s damaged bone marrow. On the other hand, autologous bone marrow surgery involves only one person, the patient.
Firstly, stem cells are removed from the body, and the patient is given a high dose of chemotherapy to kill the disease. Later, the stored stem cells are put back into the bone marrow to function correctly.
However, the bone marrow transplant cost in India depends on the type of bone marrow transplant. The success rate of BMT surgery depends on how genetically close the donor is.
At Max Healthcare, BMT specialists are known for their proficiency, skills, and best results. They offer the best BMT services for patients having multiple myeloma, sickle cell anaemia, thalassemia, leukaemia, and aplastic anaemia.
Max Healthcare hospital is designed with a High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter, required for patients undergoing BMT surgery to avoid or reduce the infection risk.
You can consult Max Healthcare hospital for low bone marrow transplant cost in India with a 100% success rate.